ECON 120: Economy questions

Question Description

1) Discuss each of the economic ideas: People are rational, people respond to incentives, and optimal decisions are made at the margin. Please give an example of each.
2) What is scarcity? Why is scarcity central to the study of economics? Please give a real world example of scarcity.

About knowledge management major. School Harvard University

Assignment questions:
Choose ONE of the following three questions:

  • The contemporary interest in Knowledge Management as part of the Knowledge Society is sometimes seen to originate back to Daniel Bell’s (1973) model of Post Industrial Society (Fig 1.1 Hislop, D. et al, Fourth Edition, p4).In the light of the technological revolution since Bell’s book,and the impactthat this revolution has had upon society, organisations and individuals, how far,if at all, would you want to modify or confirm Bell’s characterization of Post Industrial Society and why?


  • What is meant by Objectivist and Practice Based perspectives onknowledge? They are often discussed without any reference to the idea of ‘Truth’ as a universal measure of reality. Why might the idea of truth be both problematic and yet essential in both understanding and managing knowledge bythe individual in society and within the organisation in its environment?


  • Make a case for and against the idea that knowledge processes behind innovation led strategies occur without reference to power, politics and conflict.

You may use either a report or an essay style format. It is important that you define all key terms in your assignment both technical and philosophical. You should use one or more relevant examples grounded in contemporary global issues (e.g. Privacy, Information Control Technology, Corporate Governance, The Labour Market, Poverty, Climate Change, Population Growth, Pollution, Habitat Depletion, Emergent Technologies etc.) that impact on Knowledge Management, Innovation, Organisation, Society and the Individual in a context that is relevant to your choice of question.
Advice and Guidance

  • Whatever your choice of question, be sure to provide examples drawn from organisations with which you have some familiarity and /or interest. In addition, whatever your choice of question consider possible issues arising from the role of ICT in supporting Knowledge Management.
  • The selection of examples and illustrations used in your assignment may be drawn from any organisational context, for example, Joint Stock Companies, Co-operatives, Government Departments, Non-Governmental Organisations (such as The Red Cross, The Red Crescent, and Greenpeace), Trade Associations, Professional Associations, and Trades Unions etc.
  • Be careful not to spend too much of your assignment simply describing either your selected organisation or the examples, or your selected frameworks, models, or concepts. Be sure to analyse critically the various perspectives that arise in your chosen question. For example conflict (disscensus) : Unitary (consensus) and Pluralism ( recognition that conflicting interests can still contain mutual needs facilitating a mutually acceptable compromise settled through negotiation.

How to reference your assignments sources
You must use the University model of referencing based on the Harvard system. It is most important that your references to sources cover all items in your list of references. The citations in the text are included in the word count.Your list of references do not count to the total number of words.
Do not use Appendices.
Total Word limit3000 +/- 10%
Getting started
We expect you to engage with a range of literatures in your essay / report. We have provided you with the following list to select from and get you started. This is by no means an exhaustive list of resources and those looking to achieve high grades should include literature and resources beyond those listed. These literatures are designed to stimulate your thinking and give you an overview of the breadth of the debate with which youare engaging.
Key Readings
Alvesson, M., & Kärreman, D. (2001). Odd couple: Making sense of the curious concept of knowledge management. Journal of Management Studies, 38(7), 995-1018
Alvesson, M. (2007) Unravelling HRM: identity, ceremony and control in a management consulting firm. Organization Science, 18(4), 711-723.
Bell, Daniel. (1974) The Coming of Post-Industrial Society. Harper Colophon Books, New York.
Bengt‐Åke Lundvall (2007) National Innovation Systems—Analytical Concept and Development Tool Published online: 05 Feb, pages 95-119
Burrell, G., & Morgan, G. (1979). Sociological paradigms and organizational analysis: Elements of the sociology of corporate life. England: Ashgate publishing Limited, cph 1-2-3
Conway, S and Steward, F (2009) Managing and Shaping Innovation, OUP, Oxford.
Dahlander, L, and D M Gann. 2010. “How Open Is Innovation?” Research Policy 39 (6). Elsevier: 699 – 709.
Davis, P, Natale, S. M., Libertella, A.F. (2017) The Role of Truth in Moral Reasoning, in International Journal of Decision Ethics, Vol. X, Spring 2017,pp139 -156
Driver, M., 2002, The learning organization: Foucauldian gloom or Utopian sunshine? Human Relations, 55(1), pp. 33-53
Gourlay, S. (2006). Conceptualizing knowledge creation: A critique of nonaka’s theory*. Journal of Management Studies, 43(7), 1415-1436
Hassard, J., & Kelemen, M. (2002). Production and consumption in organizational knowledge: The case of the paradigms debate’. Organization, 9(2), 331-355
Hislop, D. (2018). Knowledge Management in Organizations: A Critical Introduction (fourth edition). Oxford University Press. Donald Hislop (2003) The Complex Relations Between Communities of Practice and the Implementation of Technological Innovations, International Journal of Innovation Management Vol. 07, No. 02, pp. 163-188
Jashapara, A. (2007). Moving beyond tacit and explicit distinctions: A realist theory of organizational knowledge. Journal of Information Science, 33(6), 752-766
Mazzucato, M. (2013) The Entrepreneurial State: Debunking Public v Private Sector Myths, Anthem Press, London
Spender, J-C. and Kessler, E.M. (1995) Managing the uncertainties of innovation: extending Thompson (1967). Human Relations, 48(1), 35-56.
Srivastava, A., Bartol, K. and Locke, E. (2006) Empowering leadership in management teams: effects on knowledge sharing, efficacy and performance. Academy of Management Journal, 49(6), 1239-1251.
Quinn, M. & Courtney, R. (2014) The Public Sector as an Entrepreneur. In Liddle, J. (2016) Contemporary Issues in Entrepreneurship Research Vol 6, Emerald, London

Effects Military Life Has on Children Discussion

Question Description

Contrast the difficulties faced by military children compared to their civilian counterparts, making sure to focus on the effects military life has on the children, both negative and positive (Pages 92–101). Book: Hall, L.K., (2016) Counseling Military Families: What Mental Health Professionals Need To Know (2nd ed) New York: Routledge
Assignments should be 2-3 pages in length, utilize Times new Roman, 12-point font, and double-spaced text. They should be formatted using APA style, cite borrowed material correctly, and include a reference page. The author/textbook should be cited at least three times per written page as follows the proper APA citation for Hall is (Hall, 2016, pp. ##). Other citations are encouraged, but do not count toward the three-author citation requirement. A title and abstract pages are not required, but a reference page is required. Each Homework Assignment is worth 25 points and be to the respective Dropbox folder by Saturday at 11:59 pm CT of the assigned week.

Domestic Violence Effects on Women Infographic Paper

Question Description

Instead of a full-length final research paper (for which the standard is usually 10 or more APA references and pages of text), you will do a combination infographic and mini-paper. This is designed to be easier for you and to develop a mix of communication skills, rather than just focus on academic writing. My intent is to make this final project easier and more interesting for you, but it is a new idea I am trying out, so if you have difficulty understanding the expectations, please do not hesitate to contact me and I will do my best to listen and assist.
Basically, you will need to turn in a 4-page research paper and corresponding infographic. Part I of this assignment will get you started on this.
I will provide a rubric and separate instructions for Part II shortly. However, here are the basic rules, so you can start planning for it now:

  1. Final paper specifications:
    1. Must be at least 4-pages long in its body (i.e., excluding cover page, references, and visuals), with double-spacing and 1” margins.
    2. It must include APA format in-text citations and references.
  • All factual information in it must be paraphrased. It cannot use any direct quotes.
  1. All information in it must come from scholarly sources. Do not reference popular media sources. See course definitions for what constitutes a scholarly source. If you learned something cool from a popular media source, go find it from a scholarly source and cite that instead.
  2. You must use at least 3 different scholarly sources in your final paper.
  3. All the sources used to make your infographic must also be cited in your final paper.
  • Absolutely no bulleted lists! A 4-page paper is very basic for this course level, so do not try to extend your paper with lists or similar gimmicks.
  • Your final paper must be spell-checked and grammar checked.
  1. Final infographic specifications:
    1. Your infographic should have a single general topic, e.g. a disease, the benefits of a particular activity, preventing something, responding to something, the consequences of something, etc. The options are really broad; I just don’t want you to mix and match very specific things, or your infographic will not flow or be cohesive.
    2. You will need to include at least 5 separate facts (pieces of information) in your final infographic. However, you may include more if you want and/or need to in order for your infographic to look nice. If you have questions about how I will count separate facts, ask me ahead of time.
    3. These pieces of data must come from scholarly sources, but they do not need to be primary data and can be reproduced from statistics or information posted by the CDC, American Heart Association, National Eating Disorders Association, Department of Public Health, etc. You can also get more than one piece of information for your infographic from the same source.
    4. Because you will turn in a separate paper with citations and references that include those used for the facts in your infographic, you do not need to cite anything within your infographic.
    5. You may only use up to one chart/graph (pie, line, or bar) in your infographic. For other elements, you need to be more creative than that, so while you can use PowerPoint, there are easier, free options that are infographic-specific software. I describe some below.
    6. Your final infographic should use text only minimally. Your paper can go into more detail. One point of this assignment is to have you practice in different formats, so please don’t turn in an infographic that is 90% text and 10% images.
    7. You may not use someone else’s visual representation of the data. In other words, you may not combine parts of pre-existing infographics or take charts and diagrams from research papers and put them together. To do so for this assignment will constitute plagiarism/cheating, even if you cite/reference these elements. In other words, you must make your own charts, graphs, or representations using images, clipart, etc. But, while your facts must come from scholarly sources and be referenced in APA, you do not need to cite the sources of any images you use to create your infographic. Each visual configuration must be your own, even if you got components of it from someone else. If you have questions about this aspect of the assignment, please talk contact me right away for clarification.
    8. You must turn in your final infographic as a static image or video file I can view. Remember that I cannot open Mac files. So, besides that, you can use whatever software you want as long as I can open the file and it looks good. You will be allowed to submit your paper separately if need be due to file size.

    Infographic Assignment Part II RubricYou will need to turn in two parts. You can turn them in together or as two attachments. If you have any problems uploading more than one attachment, just email me the second part right away (via Canvas). If you are using video software for your infographic, include the link where I can view it in an attachment. Please do not paste it into the comments box for the assignment; I do not get notified about comments and so it looks like you have turned nothing in.

    Criteria Max Points Points Earned
    Infographic (image or video)
    Contains at least 5 separate facts, and has been spellchecked. 15
    Each fact is matched with a simple, related image 10
    Infographic focuses on a single, relevant topic 5
    Paper does not contain direct quotes or bulleted lists If you use these, the parts where you do will be discounted from assessment of other criteria below. In other words, I will count your paper length, sources used, APA formatting, etc. after all the lists and direct quotes are deleted. Just paraphrase, please.
    When double-spaced, with 1” margins, in standard size 11 or 12 pt font, & excluding quotes and bulleted lists, paper is at least 3 pages of text, with a separate page for references (for a total of at least 4 pages). 10
    Paper describes, in different words than the infographic, each fact contained in the infographic.(In other words, don’t just paste the same text into the paper.) 10
    Paper attributes the facts in the infographic (via citations/references) to at least 3 different sources. 3
    All sources cited/referenced for the facts in the infographic are scholarly. 5
    In-text citation and reference list are in APA format, and are an exact match (everything cited in-text is included in the reference list, and every reference is cited in-text). 5
    Paper has been spellchecked in English. 2
    Total 65

Singapore Banks Promotional Effects On Customers

Question Description

Involuntary influences are rooted in the very nature of the stimuli. Some marketing stimuli draw so much attention that consumers will find it difficult to tune them out, even when consumers make a concerted attempt to ignore them.
Examine the extent to which banks in Singapore have been successful and effective in using involuntary influences to promote their credit cards among consumers.
General advice
Consumers are exposed to so much marketplace information that they cannot possibly process and think about each and every product-related piece of data they encounter. The allocation of attention is influenced by both voluntary and involuntary factors. For instance, salient stimuli draw consumers’ attention involuntarily. However, unlike salient stimuli, vivid stimuli are attention-drawing across all contexts. A clear understanding of involuntary influences enables marketers to more effectively design and implement marketing strategies.
Relevant Material
In order to answer the question, you will have to use information from Chapter 4 of the textbook (attached at:!/4/4@0:0.00 let me know if you can’t access). However, you should read widely and beyond the textbook in order to add depth to your essay. Reference to relevant research studies and examples will attract more marks. The information in the textbook is limited so you are advised to go beyond the textbook and course material to search for relevant information and incorporate them in your discussion.
Your answer should begin with an introduction that will outline what materials you will cover and what your basic argument will be. When planning and writing your essay, remember that argument and critical evaluation will attract more marks than a descriptive essay. This essay does ask for some description but it goes on to ask for more analytical, argument-driven material and this is where marks are to be earned. Remember to cite your sources and provide complete references to them.
Please site at least 6 references.
Reference for my textbook:
Kardes, F. R., Cronley, M. L., & Cline, T. W. (2015). Consumer behavior (2nd ed.). Cincinnati, OH: Cengage Learning.
I have done a few research and it looks like HSBC is the best bank to write on. Here are some information on their marketing that you can use.…………

Also, as this is an argumentative essay, perhaps you can throw in a few competitive brands (be it whether they are also successful or otherwise).… Like how OCBC is targeting millennials,… or UOB targeting women.

Do include these points to back up your argument. Further explanation can be found in the textbook!/4/4@0:0.00 let me know if you can’t access.
Involuntary Influences:
1) Salient Stimuli
– A novel stimulus
– The intensity of a stimulus
– Complexity
2) Vividness
– emotionally interesting
– concrete and imagery provoking
– proximate in a sensory, temporal, or spatial way

Defence excuses and effects on the victim

Question Description

l locate the various ways to avoid a guilty verdict for
criminal behavior. Until this point, you have been researching your
state’s criminal statutes. Now, you will turn to the defenses and
excuses for criminal behavior. Be creative in your research within the
statutes as these are not self-explanatory, but must be discovered by
reading in between the lines. The readings in your digital assets and
additional resources will help you in your research.
You will also look at the defenses and excuses not only from the defendant’s viewpoint, but from the viewpoint of the victim as well. This evaluative approach will stimulate some thoughts as there is no right or wrong answer. Place yourself in the shoes of the victim to complete this part of the assignment.
What You Need To Do?
In this assignment, go to South Carolina state statutes and locate at least six listed defenses and excuses based on your assigned readings. Provide a complete paragraph on each of the listed defenses and excuses explaining what is required in your state to justify a crime. Remember that a complete paragraph is a minimum of three complete sentences.
Keeping in mind the above scenario, analyze the following:

  • Provide evidence on how successful using any of these defenses or excuses would be and if using them will prevent the accused from going to jail or prison.

After completing the first part of the paper, in two complete paragraphs discuss how these excuses or defenses affect victims in a particular situation.
Compile your summary report, including all information researched, and prepare a submission paper in accordance with the following guidelines:

  • This paper is to be in APA format with a cover sheet and reference page at the end.
  • The length of the paper is to be a minimum of three pages and no more than five pages. This length does not include your cover or reference sheets.
  • Remember that APA font is Times New Roman, font size 12.

effects of sleep depriviation on executive functioning

Question Description

Please read the instructions required for this paper:
This paper will include a review of the research on your topic, all leading to a future research idea. You will need to say what the purpose of your study is/what your research question is, state the hypothesis for your study, give a detailed “Participants” section (this section is normally the first part of a “Methods” section), and write a “Conclusion” section. please refrain from using metal-analysis in this paper. Requirements for paper 7-8 pages (this means 7-8 pages of text, not 7-8 pages total) § Double spaced § 12-point Times New Roman font § 1 inch margins on all sides (be careful, because the default in Word is 1.25 inches on left and right) AT LEAST 7 primary, scientific references (from peer-reviewed journals) § Found using ResearchPort § Published between 2008-2018 (I’d prefer if you stay away from sources that were published prior to 2006) § DO NOT USE: • Google • Wikipedia • Newspapers (Baltimore Sun, etc) • Popular Magazines (Psychology Today, Time, etc) • Textbooks • Websites made for the general public (NIH, WebMD, emedicine) APA Writing Style § APA Style Title page § YOU DO NOT NEED AN ABSTRACT § Proper in-text citations and references page • NO DIRECT QUOTES § Other APA Writing Style rules are followed (e.g., avoid personal pronouns, proper use of abbreviations, proper formatting of headings, avoid use of contractions, etc.)

Effects of Physical Development on Adolescents

Question Description

You probably noted from the Learning Resources this week the interrelationship between the processes and constructs of development, in relation to adolescent development. Cognitive changes, including hypothetico-deductive reasoning, metacognitive skills, and more complex forms of thinking impact how an adolescent perceives and reacts to the world. Higher-order thinking contributes to how romantic and peer relationships are established and maintained.
Think back to your experiences as an adolescent and the feelings and thoughts you had regarding your developing body. How did your burgeoning cognitive abilities impact your adjustment to the effects of puberty? Did the imaginary audience and personal fable have any impact on your behavior and beliefs? Keep these questions in mind as you examine the effects of physical development on adolescents in this Assignment.
For this Assignment:In a 2- to 3-page paper:

  • Create a scenario of an adolescent of either gender in which you describe the person, the physical changes he or she experiences, and the effect of those changes on his/her sexuality and relationships.
  • Describe the culture of the individual in the scenario.
  • Explain the influences of culture on the development of adolescence.

Berk, L. E. (2018). Development through the lifespan (7th ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Education.

  • Chapter 11, “Physical and Cognitive Development in Adolescence” (pp. 366-403)
  • Chapter 12, “Emotional and Social Development in Adolescence” (pp. 406-432)

University of Toronto Business and Social Exclusion in the Global South HW

Course Description
The central purpose of this course is to offer in a broad and an interdisciplinary framework for
understanding of business and trade exchanges in the Global South. The following questions
guide the course:
1) Are business practices in the Global South done differently? If so, in what way are they done
2) In what way does social exclusion in the Global South impede the development of socially
responsible business?
3) What are the consequences of the rapidly changing and globalizing market economy for social
inclusion and exclusion in the Global South?
4) Currently, the Global South is experiencing a problem of large scale human displacement that
is generating migrants and refugees. How are these migrants and refugees included and excluded
in business?
In order to address these questions, we will focus on selected examples from different Global
South countries. Throughout the course we will examine how ordinary people in the Global South
mediate the intersecting relations of gender, race, class, ethnicity, caste, ability and age in
i) To think creatively and critically on finding solutions to reduce social exclusion locally and
ii) To expand awareness of social inequality and related issues;
iii) To gain familiarity with a broad range of explanations of business and social exclusion;
iv) To think through the future challenges of business and social inclusivity in the rapidly
Globalizing World;
v) To learn about some of the challenges encountering business in the Global South countries;
vi) To appreciate the diversity of socio-economic and cultural forms found in the Global South
and to discuss how they shape social interaction in business.
Research Proposal
For this assignment,
a) You will select one Global South country or a region in one of the Global South
country of your choice.
b) You will develop a title for your research proposal.
c) You will choose three course readings
Your research proposal will be the basis for your research project.
The suggested themes will help you focus and narrow your proposal and research topic
dealing with issues that will be covered in the course. This is done on first come first
serve basis.
Make sure to select your title and start working on your projects and essay early before
the term gets busy.
You will submit, 1) a two-page double spaced project proposal with a working title and
discussion of what your project plan is; and 2) an annotated bibliography listing three
references from the course readings. Your annotated bibliography will be a short
summary of each article with a brief statement showing its relevance to your project
written in a single spaced format, between 250-300 words for each article.
Research Project (20% of your final grade).
This assignment will be based on your Project Proposal. You will develop social justice
oriented, creative and practical research work of 5-pages. It is due in class on November
20. Your research work must list all references cited in an appropriate scholarly format,
and typed, double-space and stapled.
Week 2 Land exclusion
Hall, D., Hirsch, P., & Li, T. M. (2011). Introduction to powers of exclusion:
land dilemmas in Southeast Asia.
Week 3 Race, Gender and Informal Banking
Hossein, C. S. (2013). The Black social economy: Perseverance of banker
ladies in the slums. Annals of Public and Cooperative Economics, 84(4),
Week 4 Entrepreneurship, Social and Cultural Capital at the Margins
Meagher, K. (2009). Trading on faith: religious movements and informal
economic governance in Nigeria. The Journal of Modern African
Studies, 47(3), 397-423.
Barnes, S. (2009). Religion, Social Capital and Development in the Sahel:
The Niass Tijaniyya in Niger. Journal of International Affairs, 62(2), 209-
Week 5 Moral Economy of Inclusion and Exclusion
Kabeer, N. (2002). Citizenship, affiliation and exclusion: perspectives from
the South.
Shiva, V. (2001). Special Report: Golden Rice and Neem: Biopatents and
the Appropriation of Women’s Environmental Knowledge. Women’s
Studies Quarterly, 29(1/2), 12-23.
Week 6 Social exclusion and Everyday Work
Hossein, C. S. (2015). Black women in the marketplace: everyday genderbased risks against Haiti’s madan saras (women traders). Work
Organisation, Labour and Globalisation, 9(2), 36-50.
Thorat, S., & Attewell, P. (2007). The legacy of social exclusion: A
correspondence study of job discrimination in India. Economic and political
weekly, 4141-4145.
Week 7 Race, Social Exclusion in Everyday Work and Micro-Banking
Hossein, C. S. (2014). The exclusion of Afro-Guyanese Hucksters in
micro-banking. European Review of Latin American and Caribbean
Studies/Revista Europea de Estudios Latinoamericanos y del Caribe, 75-
Week 8 Financial Exclusion
Johnson, S., & Nino-Zarazua, M. (2011). Financial access and exclusion in
Kenya and Uganda. The Journal of Development Studies, 47(3), 475-496.
Week 9 Some Alternative Ways of Dealing with Financial Exclusion
Fasoranti, M. M. (2013). Rural savings mobilization among women: a
pancea for poverty reduction. Abstract of Economic, Finance and
Management Outlook, 1(1), 1-40.
Nwabughuogu, A. I. (1984). The isusu: an institution for capital 1 formation
among the Ngwa Igbo; its origin and development to 1951. Africa, 54(4),
Week 10 Local Culture, Fashion and Business
Ajani, O. A. (2012). Aso ebi: the dynamics of fashion and cultural
commodification in Nigeria. The Journal of Pan African Studies, 5(6), 108-
Langlois, T. (1998). The Gnawa of Oujda: Music at the margins in
Morocco. The world of music, 135-156.
Week 11 Women in Informal Textile Business
Prag, E. (2013). Mama Benz in trouble: networks, the state, and fashion
wars in the Beninese textile market. African Studies Review, 101-121.
Week 12 Gender Intersecting with Many Factors of Social Exclusion
Mander, H. (2008). Living with Hunger: Deprivation among the aged,
Single Women and people with Disability. Economic and Political Weekly,
Bolles, A. L. (2002). Michael manley in the vanguard towards gender
equality. Caribbean quarterly, 48(1), 45-56.

HIST405N Chamberlain Effects on Native Americans Discussion

Question Description

Pick one (1) of the following topics. Then, address the corresponding questions/prompts for your selected topic:
Option 1: Exploration and Effects on Native Americans

  • Explain what motivated the European world powers to explore the Americas.
  • Describe the economic effects of exploration based on the Colombian exchange.
  • Analyze the effects of exploration on Native Americans.
  • Based on research, analyze if Europeans might be held accountable for transmitting Old World diseases to people in the Western Hemisphere.

Option 2: Slavery vs. Indentured Servitude

  • Explain how and why slavery developed in the American colonies.
  • Describe in what ways the practice of slavery was different between each colonial region in British North America.
  • Analyze the differences between slaves and indentured servants.

Option 3: Women in Colonial America

  • Pick two colonies (New England, Middle, or Southern colonies) and explain how women’s roles differ in the two colonies of your choice.
  • Describe what legal rights women held during the colonial period.
  • Analyze how Native women’s lives were different from colonial women’s lives.

Make sure to use your course text and incorporate an additional scholarly source from the Chamberlain Library in your response.
Writing Requirements (APA format)

  • Length: 1-2 pages (not including title page or references page)
  • Use standard essay writing process by including an introduction, body paragraphs, and a conclusion.
  • 1-inch margins
  • Double spaced
  • 12-point Times New Roman font
  • Title page
  • References page (minimum of 1 scholarly source)
  • No abstract is required
  • In-text citations that correspond with your end references

One scholarly in text citation required